Artificial Intelligence or AI, in general, refers to the science of computers developing intelligence like humans. Basically, it is technology that’ll allow computers to do some simple stuff that humans can do. As technology improves , we as a race are becoming increasingly impatient. While typing emails , we are used to getting name suggestions before typing the whole name. When using our smartphones, we prefer talking instead of typing and all smartphones these days are equipped with some variant of A.I based assistant like Siri, Cortana, Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, and Samsung Bixby are to name a few. These are just a few variations of how AI is being used in our daily lives.
The first wave of AI was much more about understanding human intelligence. AI was considered more or less as a reproduction of human intelligence. And with that, questions like “what is consciousness” or “what are emotions” were asked. Today, in the second wave of AI we have a lot and relatively cheap computing power, huge amounts of training data, better algorithms and an internet that connects us all and everywhere. This allows us to apply the achievements of AI in business and everyday life. We have moved from research to application.
Artificial doesn’t have to be a reproduction of human intelligence anymore. And it is clear that the two are very different.
The term Artificial Intelligence has changed its meaning over time. And I think the most important change has been that the concept of consciousness has almost disappeared. Today’s AI works with a kind of “distilled” or “pure” intelligence. This one is very powerful. But it is very different from a reflected, conscious human intelligence.
The AI that is establishing itself today is a different kind of intelligence. It has little resemblance to human intelligence. It is important that we engage with this non-human intelligence. Discuss it, and make social, political arrangements that we can live with it in a positive sense.