In the near future, the Internet and wireless technologies will connect different sources of information such as sensors, mobile phones, and cars in an ever tighter manner. The number of devices which connect to the Internet is – seemingly exponentially – increasing. These billions of components produce consume and process information in different environments such as logistic applications, factories, and airports as well as in the work and everyday lives of people. The society needs new, scalable, compatible and secure solutions for both the management of the ever broader, complexly-networked Internet of Things and also for the support of various business models.
The aim of our Internet of Things Strategic Research Agenda is both to create a framework for study within the given field and also to clearly define the central research objectives.
The next wave in the era of computing will be outside the realm of the traditional desktop. In the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm, many of the objects that surround us will be on the network in one form or another. Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) and sensor network technologies will rise to meet this new challenge, in which information and communication systems are invisibly embedded in the environment around us. This results in the generation of enormous amounts of data which have to be stored, processed and presented in a seamless, efficient, and easily interpretable form. This model will consist of services that are commodities and delivered in a manner similar to traditional commodities. Cloud computing can provide the virtual infrastructure for such utility computing which integrates monitoring devices, storage devices, analytics tools, visualization platforms, and client delivery. The cost-based model that Cloud computing offers will enable end-to-end service provisioning for businesses and users to access applications on demand from anywhere.
Smart connectivity with existing networks and context-aware computation using network resources is an indispensable part of IoT. With the growing presence of WiFi and 4G-LTE wireless Internet access, the evolution of ubiquitous information and communication networks is already evident. However, for the Internet of Things vision to successfully emerge, the computing paradigm will need to go beyond traditional mobile computing scenarios that use smartphones and portables and evolve into connecting everyday existing objects and embedding intelligence into our environment.
For technology to disappear from the consciousness of the user, the Internet of Things demands:
- A shared understanding of the situation of its users and their appliances
- Software architectures and pervasive communication networks to process and convey the contextual information to where it is relevant, and
- The analytics tools in the Internet of Things that aim for autonomous and smart behavior.
With these three fundamental grounds in place, smart connectivity and context-aware computation can be accomplished.
Manufacturing giants like Caterpillar, Airbus, and Siemens have been using IoT for automation of production process and they have been successful in reducing time, money, and manpower. Also, there has been a considerable increase in the quality of products.
IoT, along with machine learning and artificial intelligence, is also making machines smart. By giving them the power to take decision based on the continuous analysis of data that they generate and thus, reducing the human intervention which in turn will reduce the time it takes to solve a problem. Robots powered by IoT have become a very common sight across manufacturing plants. The sensors in the manufacturing unit continuously monitors temperature, humidity, air pressure, and other vital real-time information; this data can be used to ensure the optimal utilization of machines and can also be used to control unexpected incidents.
No other technology has been more disruptive than IoT; everyone now realizes the importance of IoT and understands that it can be used to make things, processes, devices, etc. more effective.
The demand for IoT and related technology is growing by each passing day. This is the right time for professionals who want to make a career in the century that belongs to the 21st century.